Polyurethane foam mattresses range from the inexpensive, which can be found at Ikea, through to high-specification options, such as Reflex foam as used by Cumberland Bedding Co. Beds 4 Zzzz is just one company that makes mattresses in natural latex derived from the rubber tree.
A divan base is a box frame on castors or legs. More responsive than a solid top is a firm-edge divan with heavy springs set inside a wooden framework. For the best level of support, look at sprung-edge divans, which have one or more complete spring units on top of the wooden frame. A divan with a deep base can also include storage drawers, while ottoman-style divans open on hydraulic springs to reveal a storage compartment inside.
Some refer to the headboard as being the frame to the bed's painting. In fact, it has gone further than that and has become the painting itself. The footboard contributes to an extent, and so does the quilt or bed covering. The bed frame, as stated above, is not seen. However, in general parlance, the bed is the whole item, and the head of the bed, footboard frame and bed coverings are simply components.
Most beds in the 21st century consist of the bed frame and the mattress, with the mattress sitting on top of a solid base made of either a sprung base or wooden slats. Most modern beds also include the option of a headboard for resting against and medical beds can even include side rails and in some cases both types of beds also include footboards. Beds that have headboards also normally have bed skirts which double up as dust covers that both protect and hide the actual bed frame under the mattress.
Interior spring mattresses, whether open coil, pocket or continuous, are assembled similarly to a sandwich with the supporting springs between layers of cushioning on each side. The cushioning provides a barrier between the springs and the occupant. Fillings can range from inexpensive polyester to combinations of cotton, wool, horsehair, silk, mohair and cashmere, as well as better quality foams, including latex or visco-elastic foam.
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